TANUMSHEDE. The Bronze Age rock carvings, no/Iristningarat vitlycke, 2.5 km south. Thls is on the west coast north of Gathenburg. Some 30,000 carvings in this area, Scandlmvla's greatest concentration of such carvings. Now a Unesccl World Herltage listed site. Images scratched into icessmoothed rock. Most are a simple cup mark, whilst there are many boats, humans and animals especially deer and the sun, Ritual and mythological symbols. The one at top right is one of the best. There is now a rock carving museum nearby that explores the various images meanings. BIRKA on the island of BJORKC‘) (island of birches). Well situated in Lake Malareri 30km southwest of Stockholm. Founded about 750 AD it is Sweden‘s oldest town and was a viking trading centre. It reached the peak of activity during the 10‘“ Century. A powertul Svea centre for about 200 years. Warriors and traders from there assisted in the Viking expansion in Europe, especially in Russia, In the early 9" century 5t Ansgar VlSIted and established the Christian church there. Remains include remnants of houses and a vast cemetery. Excellent museum — Birka the viking Town has scale models of the farmer harbour, the Craftsmen's quarters and various artetacts. oh the UNESCO World Heritage List. Can be reached by boat from Stockholm-s Stadshusbron or other points. GOTHENBURG _ Samba/'9 in Swedish. Pronounced ‘Yur-te-boy'. Sweden's second city, a fine harbour city on the west coast at the mouth of the Cota River (sumo/v), Spacious wide avenues, such as the Avenue (Avenyn) a very showy thoroughfare, canals from the days of the city‘s butch builders in 1621 onwards, elegant squares and masses of parkland. Was founded on the present site by Gustavus Adolphus in the 17*“ century. Previously the medieval centre of trade was 40 km up rlver. The Dmch,6ermc1n and British traders who settled here in the 18’“ and 19’“ centuries had a big influence architecturally and culturally. Many people arrive by ferry from Germany (Kiel), Denmark (Frederlkshuvn) and Britain (lhe Tyne). There is much to do and see in Gothenburg, It is worth trying a Mi -ciuisc or City-cruise to Cothonbuig with DFDS. GOTLAND. The largest Baltic island. I was first here in 1951 and have been back 3 times. Enchantingly beautiful, a very different part of Sweden, Total population is only 55,000. A stepping stone for expeditions in the Balllc. It was commercially important from the viking Age to the time of the prosperous Hanseatlc League merchants in the 12’“ and 13" centuries. Calm and tranquil country side, unique flora and fauna especially orchids. Nearly 100 medieval churches. I especially recommend Bro Church, sothem Church and Romakloster. Numerous historic sites. Remarkable rock formations, known as rookor, on some beaches. Best near L Jugorn in the east and on the northern Faro island (cor ferry), Part of the raukar at Langhammar on Fara pictured right. Mam town ls VISBY. Limestone City wall wnh 44 towers around the old centre. Right it is pictured on a stampl Small alleys and ruined churches. Excellent museum. STOCKHOLM Described by the author Selma Lagerlot as 'the city that floats on water." On first visit in 1951 discovered this elegant, sparkling city, set on 14 islands where Lake Malaren meets the Baltic. Immediately noticed the fine tree lined boulevards, many elegant buildings, the open spaces of parks and woodlands, the narrow medieval streets of the Old Town (Gain/a star). Well worth visiting: the Royal Palace lkung/i'ga Sloﬁen 7 official residence of the monarch; Ragnar Ostberg's City Hall (Staoshusen which dominates the skyline on Riddarfgord and is the venue for the Nobel prize giving ceremonies; Sknnsul, the world's oldest openair museum. It is vast and has 150 reconstructed buildings that range from farms and windmills to a whole town. Qulte untackyl; Vaso Mustum(Vasc1lnuseet) Houses the worship Vasa that sank on its maiden voyage in 1626 whilst still in Stockholm harbour. Raised in l9o1 along with 12,000 abyects. As a family we first saw it in 1975 at its first display hall. Now rehoused at part of an old naval dockyard. Now reported to be an outstandlng museum, Sightseeing tours by water are excellent value. DALARNA. The geographical centre of Sweden and the essence of Sweden and its folk culture and traditions. A large and very picturesque region of lakes, forests, red wooden cottages. The area around Lake Siljan is the best known part of Dalarna. Rattvik. At the eastern bulge of Lake Slljan. 13'“ Century Church and 87 well kept church stables - picture right. Near to church and lake is the pseudo runic memorial that commemorates Gustav Vasa‘s loading the rebels against the Danes, thus creating modern Sweden. Wonderful countryside including the viewing point vidablick as a ‘musr'. Right below. Laksand. The traditional balarna village, especially at its Midsummer Festival. Church has a stunning location. Mora. Main attraction is the work of Sweden's best known artist Anders Zorn (moo—1920) with the Zorn Museum and his home Zorngé’irden. THE GLASS COUNTRY Dr Kingdom of Crystal 5 Glasriklr. Some [5 glass factorles scattered around Smﬂland‘s wilderness at birch and pine forests and lakes. The best known are Kosl'a (founded in 1742), Boda and Orrefors, It is fascinating watching the glass blowing. This is also a major area from which emigrants set off to America. VARMLAND. A very independent province of which an aid parish register reported that "between Sweden and Norway lles Viirmlclrld.“ I ﬁrst vlslled Vdrmlund wlth my 2"[1 group of school cycllng hasfellers m 1953. We were returning the visit of the school class from Les Jofors and spent a whole week based there and at Rammen. We met this area that seemed quite timeless and rugged. It is covered with spruce and pine forests criss- crossed WIth lakes and rlvers. The main rlver is the Klaralven that begins near the Norwegian harder and winds its way (165 lnlles r 240km) southward untll lt enters one of Sweden‘s 2 biggest lakes, Lake Vanern, near Karlstad. In 1969 my wife and I followed the river m the reverse dlrection as we followed an anclent St Olaf pilgrlmage route from Hammaré near Karlstad and crossed the border on our way to Nidaros (Trondheim). Wonderful scenery all the way! Places to visit: Ekshdrad's church and the graveyard with wrought Iron Crosses of the area's industrial post; Sunne as a base for Marbocka, The wrller Selma Lagerldff‘s home and Ronneros, a wonderful parkland with arboretum and sculptures: Karlstad.